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Childhood Birthmarks

Haemangioma of infancy

Haemangioma of infancy is also more commonly known as “strawberry haemangioma” in view of its
juicy red appearance.  It can affect up to 10% of infants.

Haemangioma of infancy may not be present at birth and most are prominent only a few weeks after
birth. It then undergoes a period of rapid growth, followed by a “plateau” phase where it remains stable
and undergoes an “involution” phase where it slowly begins to shrink in size after many years.

Although not all haemangioma require treatment, it is important to know that in 40% of cases, there
may still be residual scarring even after the haemangioma has completely involuted on its own.

There are treatments available for haemangioma of infancy. They include oral medication such as
propranolol (which belongs to a group of medicine known as Beta-blockers), topical timolol
(also a class of beta-blockers) and laser, known as the Pulsed-Dye Laser. This is a very safe treatment
and is well- tolerated.

It can take many sessions of treatment with the pulsed-dye laser but this treatment can give very
satisfactory cosmetic results.

— Haemangioma on face


Port- Wine Stain

Unlike haemangiomas, port-wine stains are present at birth. They appear as red patches and are
commonly found on the face. Unlike haemangiomas, they do not get smaller with time. In fact, they
can increase in size, thickness and nodularity with time. Laser treatment in early childhood is therefore advisable.

The Pulsed-Dye Laser can be used to treat port-wine stains and it destroys superficial blood vessels
without damaging surrounding structures. It may take several sessions to complete the treatment. It is
a very safe treatment and gives very good results. It is well- tolerated and most children will only
require an application of an anaesthetic cream before the laser.

— Port-wine Stain on face


Nevus of Ota

This is a common pigmentary condition that presents with a brownish grey patch on the face.
It usually affects both upper cheeks. The pigmentation can affect the eyes as well.

The discoloration can be treated with a laser that lightens the pigmentation. Many treatment sessions
will be required. It is a very safe treatment and most children will only require an application of an
anaesthetic cream before laser.

— Nevus of Ota


Mongolian Spots

This is a very common pigmentary disorder that affects most Asian babies. It occurs less commonly in Caucasian babies. It appears as greenish pigmentation usually on the back and buttocks.

The pigmentation normally lightens as the child grows up. However, in some cases, the pigmentation
may persist into adulthood. Mongolian spots can be lightened by the use of a laser. The laser therapy
is safe and well- tolerated. Again, many sessions may be required to give good cosmetic outcome.

— Mongolian Sposts at the back



Common Child Conditions

Atopic Eczema in Children
Childhood Birthmarks
Insect Bite Reactions
Skin Infections in Children

Dr Lynn Chiam of Children and Adult Skin clinic treats CHILDHOOD BIRTHMARKS problems in SIngapore : Haemangioma on infancy,port-wine stain, nevus of ota and mongolian spots.


































Commom Adult Conditions

Acne Vulgaris
Eczema/ Dermatitis
Skin Cancers
Adult Hair Loss
Common Acquired Facial Pigmentation
Viral Warts

Mt Elizabeth Novena Specialist Medical Centre 38 Irrawaddy Road #07-22  Singapore 329563
Tel: (65) 6570 2303    Fax: (65) 6570 2302    Email:

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